Quarter of civilians killed in Syrian War are children & women……

Women and children are most often the fatal victims of air bombardments and other explosive weapons in the four-year Syrian war that has killed roughly 80,000 civilians, according to study results released.

Researchers at the Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters at Université Catholique de Louvain in Belgium say that while men make up the overall majority of civilians killed in the war, nearly 25 percent of all civilians killed by explosive weapons were women and children.

Children are most likely to be killed by shells and ground-level explosives in Syria — more so than men, according to the study, which was published Tuesday in the British Medical Journal.

“Our analysis indicates that using explosive weapons in populated areas in Syria has disproportionately lethal effects on women and children and should be urgently prohibited,” the authors wrote. “If we are looking for root causes of the migrant and refugee crises in Europe today, this is surely a major contributor.”

The researchers, led by epidemiologist Debarati Guha-Sapir, wanted to know how many Syrian civilians have been killed by the war, as well as their demographics and how they were killed.

Knowing whether women and children have been targeted, or how civilians have died, can clarify whether human rights have been violated. But such a protracted conflict as the Syrian war makes it difficult to track fatalities, and epidemiologists say that detailed breakdowns of the weapons used to kill people during war aren’t often studied.

In Syria, rumors of chemical weapons use have dogged the government of President Bashar al-Assad as it battles insurgent groups, and deadly barrel bombs dropped by the Syrian army on opposition-held regions have driven civilians into neighboring countries in recent months.

So the researchers honed in on data gathered by the Center for Documentation of Violations in Syria (VDC), one of four groups whose tally of fatalities helped form a comprehensive 2014 U.N. report that said more than 191,000 people had been killed in Syria between March 2011 and April 2014. (PDF)

But the U.N. report, the authors noted, included both fighters and civilians among the fatalities. The VDC, a network of activists who track deaths in Syria, is the only group that has been able to distinguish whether a person killed is a civilian or a combatant, the study said. The VDC recorded some 78,769 violent deaths of civilians in Syria between March 2011 and January 2015.

While studying the victims by gender, age and weapons used, the researchers found that nearly 25 percent of all civilians killed in the conflict were women and children. The data show children are those most likely to be killed by air bombardments, shells and ground-level explosives, more so than adult men or women. Children made up 16 percent of civilians killed in opposition-controlled areas and 23 percent of those killed in government-controlled sectors, the study said.

In most cases, children were killed by shelling and air bombardments, which accounted for 75 percent of the nearly 9,400 deaths of children, the study said

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2014 Peshawar school massacre

On 16 December 2014, seven gunmen affiliated with the Tehrik-i-Taliban(TTP) conducted a terrorist attack on the Army Public School in the northwestern Pakistani city of Peshawar. The militants, all of whom were foreign nationals, included one Chechen, three Arabs and two Afghans. They entered the school and opened fire on school staff and children,[8][6] killing 141 people, including 132 schoolchildren, ranging between eight and eighteen years of age.[9][10] A rescue operation was launched by the Pakistan Army’s Special Services Group (SSG) special forces, who killed all seven terrorists and rescued 960 people.[6][11][12] On 2 December 2015 Pakistan hanged four militants involved in the Peshawar massacre.[13]

This was the deadliest terrorist attack ever to occur in Pakistan, surpassing the2007 Karachi bombing.[14] According to various news agencies and commentators, the nature and preparation of the attack was very similar to that of the Beslan school hostage crisis that occurred in the North Ossetia–Alaniaregion of the Russian Federation in 2004.

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Genocide of Muslims in Myanmar

Pakistan, though belatedly, has also expressed grave concern over the genocidal persecution of the Muslims in Myanmar. To what extent the Muslim world, including our own country, can help the Rohingyas is still to be seen

The world we live in was supposed to be civilized with no space for barbarianism. We thought ethics and respect for humanity would reign supreme in the 21st century. Alas! The fate of the majority of the world’s population, in particular minorities, still hangs in oblivion. They are treated like slaves, killed without any evidence and annihilated for nothing. From South Africa and the Middle East to East Europe and Indonesia, minorities of all sorts have been abysmally subjected to sheer hatred, socio-economic oppression, mental torture, physical abuse and ultimately genocidal annihilation. The most recent case, in this respect, which has been appearing on social media, is of Myanmar (Burma) where the Rohingya, a Muslim minority, have witnessed the worst kind of genocidal operation at the hands of extremist Buddhists.


This massacre movement for the eradication of the Rohingya has been taking place in Myanmar since 2011. The former is a Muslim racial minority living in the Arakan state of western Burma. They have been facing severe maltreatment and oppression by the state and national regimes for decades. There are around 1.33 million Rohingya living in Burma but the Burmese state’s 1982 Citizenship Law refutes their basic right of citizenship in spite of the fact that the Rohingya people have been living in Burma for ages. More importantly, the president of Burma, Thein Sein, clearly denies the presence of the Rohingya as an ethnic group of Burma, labelling them Bengalis, which is historically incorrect since the Rohingya community has been residing in the northerwestern part of today’s Myanmar since pre-colonial times. The British consolidated their residential status as farm labourers in the 16th century. Hence, to argue that the Rohingyas are illegal migrants from Bangladesh is a conscious distortion of historical facts.


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Pakistan has made impressive progress in poverty alleviation: World Bank

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan has made impressive progress in reducing absolute poverty and improving shared prosperity, according to World Bank (WB) report.
The percentage of the population below the national poverty rate has fallen from 34.7 percent in financial year 2002 to an estimated 13.6 percent in financial year 2011, according to Pakistan Country Programme Snapshot report published by the Bank.
The reports said, the country has already achieved the fist Millennium
Development Goal (MDG) by more than having the proportion of people whose income was less than $1.25 a day between 1991 and 2011.
Furthermore, growth in the real per capital consumption of the bottom
40 percent was a respectable 3.1 percent between 2002 and 2011, it added.
Poverty reduction has been strongest in the traditionally poorer provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Sindh, where poverty rates are now indistinguishable from those in Punjab.
However, the report said poverty remained much more prevalent in Balochistan, where a sizeable portion of residents were nomadic and were living in remote and conflict-affected areas.
According to the report, despite this progress, a large portion of the population remains vulnerable to falling back into poverty.
Although Pakistan’s recent gains in poverty were repaid, they remain fragile, in part because many households remain clustered near the poverty line.
An estimated 23 million people or 13 percent of the population, live on an amount between $1.25 and $1.50 per day, meaning that small reductions in consumption can greatly increase poverty rates.
However, according to report the poverty measurement remains controversial in Pakistan and urges for future efforts are needed to improve poverty monitoring and policy evaluation.
It said, poverty measurement can be institutionalised, in part through more independent and regularised poverty assessments, linking poverty measurements to other human development indicator data base and the establishment of a constructive partnership between official authorities, donors and academics to promote high-quality and timely measurement of poverty and shared prosperity, analysis and programme evaluation.
Additional data collected at the Moaza or Tehsil level can be used to generate more detailed estimates to help policymakers better locate poor pockets within districts.
Finally, there is a great need to generate more evidence on the effectiveness of different interventions in reducing poverty, it added.

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TWHRO strongly condemns the brutal killings of innocent people in Palestine by Israeli forces…

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We are working hard to discourage child labor in poor countries and want to stop this activity as soon as possible…..would you like to help TWHRO in this regard?

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